UNGA Adopts China-backed Resolution on Global AI Capacity-Building

The resolution aims for inclusive, beneficial, and sustainable AI development, thereby contributing to the fruition of the United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
UNGA Adopts China-backed Resolution on Global AI Capacity-Building
Representative image. Source: UNGA

The 78th session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA) unanimously adopted the resolution on "Enhancing International Cooperation on Capacity-Building of Artificial Intelligence" on July 1, 2024. The resolution was proposed by China and co-sponsored by over 140 countries.

Key features of the resolution: 

  1. The development of AI should adhere to "the principles of being human-centered," promoting beneficial intelligence, and benefiting humanity.

  2. It encourages international cooperation and pragmatic actions to help countries strengthen AI capacity-building

  3. Enhance the representation and voice of developing countries in global AI governance

  4. Advocate for "an open, fair, and non-discriminatory business environment" and support the United Nations in playing a central role in international cooperation.

The resolution aims for inclusive, beneficial, and sustainable AI development, thereby contributing to the fruition of the United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

While introducing the draft resolution, Fu Cong, China's permanent representative to the UN, stated that the rapidly developing AI technology is having a profound impact on the socio-economic development of countries and the progress of human civilization.

However, most countries, especially the developing ones, have yet to truly access, use, and benefit from AI, and the global digital divide continues to widen, he noted.

"Many UN member states widely anticipate strengthening international cooperation on AI capacity building, developing and utilizing AI technology equally, and sharing the knowledge and achievements of AI," he said.

"The unanimous adoption of the resolution indicates broad agreement among member states to enhance global AI governance through dialogue and cooperation, fully demonstrating China's responsible attitude and leading role in AI development and governance," said Fu.

The ambassador further added that China anticipates utilizing the adoption of this resolution as an opportunity "to actively promote its subsequent implementation with a broad membership” while adhering to development priorities, being human-centered, ensuring equality and mutual benefit, and upholding innovation.

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